ULI and NASA Complementary

Through ULI, NASA looks to introduce independent and complementary research paths toward achieving the strategic outcomes. To support this goal, as well as avoid duplication of NASA effort, proposers are encouraged to develop different technical challenges than those currently pursued by ARMD and its research partners.

Every ULI solicitation has a list of ARMD technical challenges and the list of existing ULI awards. Technical challenges similar to these would be considered duplicative. The following are the lists from Round 5 of the ULI solicitation.

 

Program and Project Acronyms (as listed in technical challenge statements):

 

AAVP – Advanced Air Vehicles Program

AATT – Advanced Air Transport Technology Project

AC – Advanced Composites Project

CST – Commercial Supersonic Technology Project

RVLT – Revolutionary Vertical Lift Technology Project

HT – Hypersonic Technology Project

AOSP – Airspace Operations and Safety Program

ATD – Airspace Technology Demonstrations Project

ATM-X – Air Traffic Management – Exploration Project

SWS – System-Wide Safety Project

UTM – Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management Project

IASP – Integrated Aviation Systems Program

FDC – Flight Demonstrations and Capabilities Project

UAS in the NAS – Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration in the National

Airspace System Project

TACP – Transformative Aeronautics Concepts Program

TTT – Transformational Tools and Technologies Project

UI – University Innovation Project

 

List of ARMD Technical Challenge Statements (From ULI Round 5 solicitation)

Program

Project

TC Name

TC Statement

FY Complete

AAVP

AATT

Higher Aspect Ratio Optimal Wing

Enable a 1.5-2X increase in the aspect ratio of a lightweight wing with safe structures and flight controls.

FY20

AAVP

AATT

Fan and High-Lift Noise

Reduce fan (lateral and flyover) and high-lift system (approach) noise on a component basis by 4 dB with minimal impact on weight and performance.

FY21

AAVP

AATT

Low NOx Fuel-Flex Combustor

Reduce NOx emissions from fuel-flexible combustors to 80% below the CAEP/6 standard with minimal impacts on weight, noise, or component life.

FY19

AAVP

AATT

Compact High Overall Pressure Ration (OPR) Gas Generator

Enable reduced size/flow high pressure compressors and high temperature disk/seals that are critical for 50+ OPR gas generators with minimal impact on noise and component life.

FY20

AAVP

AATT

Hybrid Gas-Electric Propulsion Concept

Establish viable concept for 5-10 MW hybrid gas-electric propulsion system for a commercial transport aircraft.

FY19

AAVP

AATT

Engine Icing

Predict likelihood of icing events with 90% probability in current engines operating in ice crystal environments to enable icing susceptibility assessments of advanced ultra-efficient engines.

FY20

AAVP

CST

LBFD Prediction Validation Tools (ProViT)

Provide a suite of prediction tools to support timely and accurate validation of the acoustic performance of the LBFD aircraft, rapid pre-flight exposure planning for Community Response Testing, and a foundation for future configuration design and certification analysis of supersonic aircraft.

FY23

AAVP

CST

Sonic Boom Community Response Metric & Methodology

Validated field study methodology, including indoor and outdoor noise metrics, exposure estimates, survey tools, and test protocols to support community studies with a low-boom flight demonstration aircraft.

FY20

AAVP

CST

Low Boom Flight Demonstrator Data Measurement

Develop key flight systems for enhanced data quality, safety and operational efficiency, and transition these systems to the Low Boom Flight Demonstration (LBFD) Project.  Develop and demonstrate techniques to collect high quality validation data from the LBFD aircraft in flight.

FY21

AAVP

CST

Community Test Planning & Execution

Planning and execution of sonic boom tests with the LBFD aircraft over large non-experienced communities within the U.S.

FY27

AAVP

HT

System-level Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) Method Development and Validation

Develop/validate a system-level uncertainty propagation methodology to guide uncertainty-informed decision-making. Hypersonic vehicles are highly integrated, complex systems with sensitive performance characteristics. There is a high reliance on modeling and simulation to predict system-level flight performance due to an inability to test full-scale models in a flight relevant environment, including mission duration and varying conditions. The methodology and tools to identify and quantify significant uncertainty contributors and their impact to system/mission performance does not exist.

FY22

AAVP

HT

Combined Cycle Mode Transition Progress Indicator

Demonstrate autonomous control and establish performance/operability assessment methodologies for future reusable hypersonic propulsion systems that use turbine engines at slow speeds and transition to scramjets for high-speed operations. Address the technology barrier of propulsion system mode transition via ground tests.

FY23

AAVP

RVLT

Demonstration of Design and Flight Operation Methods for Reduced Vertical Take-off and Landing (VTOL) Aircraft Noise Impact

To overcome the growth in community helicopter noise complaints, NASA will combine improved flight operations, a high-fidelity rotor/vehicle design approach, and human factors research to provide a 50% reduction in the Sound Exposure Level (SEL) footprint area for commercial VTOL vehicles in common use. This goal is targeted at vehicles that are nominally from 4-20 passengers or 2400 to 24,000 pounds gross weight, but the methods may be applicable to other vehicle sizes.

FY20

AOSP

ATD

Integrated/Arrival/Departure/Surface Operations

Develop and deliver an integrated metroplex traffic manager to the FAA NextGen and Air Traffic Organizations, flight operators, and airport operators, that leverages NASA, FAA and industry technologies to enable simultaneous improvement of the predictability and efficiency of arrival, departure and surface operations. 

FY21

AOSP

ATM-X

Integrated Demand Management Trajectory Based Operations

Develop requirements and procedures validated through high-fidelity experiments to enable unimpeded gate-to-gate TBO that improves throughput, reduces delays and enables user-preferred trajectories by synchronizing their access to airspace, airport, and weather constraint bottlenecks across the NAS.

FY20

AOSP

ATM-X

Initial Urban Air Mobility Operations Integration

Develop technologies for airspace and vertiport management to enable UAM missions at user-specified tempo in lower-controlled airspace.

FY23

AOSP

ATM-X

Increasing Diverse Operations

Develop systems for improved data exchange and develop auto-negotiation technologies for collaboration to enable traditional operators’ desire for flexibility and predictability and new entrants’ desire to access and operate in the higher-controlled airspace.

FY23

AOSP

SWS

Validation & Verification for Commercial Ops

Develop, transfer and measure the benefit of NASA-developed tools and techniques to lower the cost and time of certification while maintaining safety.

FY23

AOSP

SWS

In-Time Terminal Area Risk Management

Develop and demonstrate integrated risk assessment capabilities to monitor terminal area operations based on data analytics and predictive models.

FY23

AOSP

SWS

In-Time Safety Nets for Emerging Operations

Develop and demonstrate integrated dependable monitoring, assessment and mitigation capabilities for safety-critical risks to low altitude urban beyond visual line-of-sight for small UAS operations.

FY24

AOSP

SWS

Complex Autonomous Systems Assurance (CASA)

Develop and demonstrate innovative V&V tools and methods to provide assurance of the safe operation of complex, increasingly autonomous, non-deterministic systems.

FY24

AOSP

UTM

UAS Traffic Management (UTM)

Develop and validate airspace operational and integration performance requirements to enable safe, large-scale UAS operations in low-altitude airspace.

FY20

IASP

UAS in the NAS

UAS Detect and Avoid Operational Concepts and Technologies

Develop Detect and Avoid (DAA) operational concepts and technologies in support of standards to enable a broad range of UAS that have Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance (CNS) capabilities consistent with IFR operations and are required to detect and avoid manned and unmanned air traffic.

FY21

IASP

UAS in the NAS

UAS Satcom and Terrestrial Command and Control

Develop Satellite (Satcom) and Terrestrial based Command and Control (C2) operational concepts and technologies in support of standards to enable the broad range of UAS that have Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance (CNS) capabilities consistent with IFR operations and are required to leverage allocated protected spectrum.

FY21

IASP

FDC

Landing Gear Community Noise

Demonstrate novel landing gear porous fairing and wheel cavity treatments that reduce the airframe component of community noise by 1.5 EPNdB with minimal impact on aircraft weight and performance, and to validate an advanced, physics-based methodology for the accurate prediction of airframe noise.

FY20

IASP

FDC

LBFD Phase 2 Shock Measurements

Develop and demonstrate LBFD Mission Phase 2 capabilities to safely measure in-flight 1) near-field acoustic characteristics of the LBFD aircraft and 2) atmospheric effects on the far-field sonic boom signatures

FY22

IASP

FDC

Mobile Operations Facility

Develop and demonstrate mobile operations facility (MOF) capabilities required to safely conduct LBFD Mission Phase 3 community response overflight studies.

FY22

IASP

FDC

Electric Propulsion Airframe Integration

Demonstrate 5x lower energy use at high speed cruise through unique integration of a complex Distributed Electric Propulsion system. Ensure lessons learned are used to influence development of certification criteria for electric propulsion.

FY23

IASP

FDC

Crossflow Attenuated Natural Laminar Flow (CATNLF)

Validate the CATNLF design methodology at transonic commercial cruise flight conditions to achieve >50% chord natural laminar flow which will lead to >9% aircraft drag reduction.

FY21

TACP

TTT

Combustion Modeling

Demonstrate capability to predict sensitivity of combustor efficiency, emissions, and operability to changes in fuel composition.

FY21

TACP

TTT

Multidisciplinary Design Analysis and Optimization (MDAO)

Integrate aero, propulsion, acoustic, and structural (MDAO) tools with multi-fidelity concept assessment tools to enable multi-to-high fidelity optimization of the latest ARMD concept configurations.

FY22

TACP

TTT

Efficient Eddy-Resolving Methods for CLmax Prediction

Develop and demonstrate computationally efficient, eddy-resolving modeling tools that predict maximum lift coefficient (CLmax) for transport aircraft with the same accuracy as certification flight tests.

FY25

 

 

List of ULI Awards (From ULI Round 5 solicitation)

 

Program

Project

ULI Title

Summary

FY Complete

TACP

UI

Hyper-Spectral Communications, Networking & ATM as Foundation for Safe and Efficient Future Flight: Transcending Aviation

Communication capabilities for improving link/network capacity, reliability, security in support of new Air Traffic Management applications (Thrust 1)

FY21

TACP

UI

Adaptive Aerostructures for Revolutionary Civil Supersonic Transportation

Small real-time geometric outer mold line reconfigurations to minimize boom signatures and drag in response to changing ambient conditions (Thrust 2)

FY22

TACP

UI

Advanced Aerodynamic Design Center for Ultra-Efficient Commercial Vehicles

Develop slotted, natural laminar flow airfoil to reduce wing profile drag (Thrust 3)

FY22

TACP

UI

Electric Propulsion: Challenges and Opportunities

Advance electric power systems, battery and energy storage, thermal management supporting electric propulsion aircraft (Thrust 3, Transition to Alternative Propulsion and Energy)

FY22

TACP

UI

Information Fusion for Real-Time National Air Transportation System Prognostics under Uncertainty

System-wide, real-time prognostics framework with rigorous V&V for proactive health management of NextGen National Airspace System (Thrust 5)

FY22

TACP

UI

Development of an Additive Manufacturing Ecosystem for Qualification of Additive Manufacturing Processes and Materials in Aviation

Developing a scientifically sound basis for qualifying parts from additive manufacturing, as well as demonstrate facilities for the efficient large-scale production of these parts (Advanced Aviation Manufacturing)

FY22

TACP

UI

Effective Human-Robot Teaming to Advance Aviation Manufacturing

Explore new ways in which humans can use robotics to improve the efficiency and flexibility of aviation-related manufacturing processes in a manner that enhances the safety of human workers (Advanced Aviation Manufacturing)

FY22

TACP

UI

Center for Cryogenic High-Efficiency Electrical Technologies for Aircraft (CHEETA)

Produce several novel superconducting electrical system components that use liquid hydrogen in fuel cells to power an electric aircraft propulsion system (Thrust 3, Transition to Alternative Propulsion and Energy)

FY22

TACP

UI

Real-time Weather Awareness for Enhanced Safety Assurance in UTM

Prediction of low-level winds and turbulence in both natural and urban environments to improve safety of UAS and UAM operations (Thrust 5)

FY24

TACP

UI

Synthetic Design Synthesis of ‘Thermoplastic UD Tape based, Fastener-free assemblies’ for Urban Air Mobility vehicles

Develop Thermoplastic Unidirectional Tape based Fastener-free Assemblies without loss of material strength or need for adhesive or mechanical joining (Materials and Structures)

FY24

TACP

UI

Composite Manufacturing Technologies for Aerospace Performance at Automotive Production Rates

Science-based part/process design methodology for TuFF composites meeting aerospace performance at automotive manufacturing rates (Materials and Structures)

FY24

TACP

UI

Safe Aviation Autonomy with Learning-enabled Components in the Loop: from Formal Assurances to Trusted Recovery Methods

Design fault detection, isolation, and recovery methods for the machine learning components and develop framework for assuring machine learning components for UAS/UAM (Thrust 6)

FY24

TACP

UI

Secure and Safe Assured Autonomy

For UAS/UAM develop and integrate coordination and control algorithms, secure algorithms, and V&V procedures to support certification of these technologies (Thrust 6)

FY24

TACP

UI

Autonomous Aerial Cargo Operations at Scale

Develop a theory and concept of operations that could be used by the Advanced Air Mobility community to help verify if their concept of autonomous cargo operation could work and if it makes economic sense to deploy on a large scale (Thrust 1)

FY25

TACP

UI

Leading Advanced Turbine Research for Hybrid Electric Propulsion Systems

Identify the optimal design of a gas turbine engine that could be used in a future single-aisle, medium- and short-haul aircraft that uses hybrid-electric propulsion (Thrust 3)

FY25

TACP

UI

Rapid Development of Urban Air Mobility Vehicle Concepts through Full-Configuration Multidisciplinary Design, Analysis, and Optimization

Create computational tools that would enable U.S. industry to rapidly develop electric vertical takeoff and landing vehicles that would fly as part of an Advanced Air Mobility environment (Thrust 4)

FY24

TACP

UI

Emission & Absorption Spectroscopy Sensors for Hypersonic Flight Control

Refine techniques and hardware associated with a particular set of optical and laser sensors that can be used in examining the surfaces of a hypersonic vehicle in a way that can help that aircraft maintain control in flight (Special Topic: Novel In-Flight and Ground Measurement Techniques for Hypersonic Flight)

FY24

TACP

UI

Innovative Manufacturing, Operation, and Certification of Advanced Structures for Civil Vertical Lift Vehicles

Improve accessibility, affordability, and safety by developing simulation tools and operational processes to optimize the cost, safety, and performance of civilian vertical lift air vehicles and transitioning successful research in advanced materials (Thrust 4)

FY24

 

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